Newcastle-Upon-Tyne was once a Roman fort which evolved into a walled city.
The "New" Castle which was built by William the Conqueror's son in 1080 gave Newcastle it's name.
The City was divided into gateways and a few of the towers can still be seen in some areas. Many of the streets and locations are named after these gateways, such as Newgate, Pandongate, Westgate and Sandgate.
The City has always thrived on it's industry, including transportation, shipbuilding and the coal trade.
Markets have also played a major role in the history of Newcastle, such as Bigg Market, selling local barley, Cloth Market and Groat Market.
The history of Newcastle can still be seen today, from the medieval walls to it's Industrial Revolution bridges.
One of the most famous landmarks assosoiated with Newcastle is the Tyne Bridge. The steel structure was opened by King George V in 1928 and is the gateway to the City from neighbouring Gateshead.